A key linear epitope for a potent neutralizing antibody to SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD
Posted 11 Sep 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.09.11.292631
Posted 11 Sep 2020
The spread of SARS-CoV-2 confers a serious threat to the public health without effective intervention strategies–. Its variant carrying mutated Spike (S) protein D614G (SD614G) has become the most prevalent form in the current global pandemic,. We have identified a large panel of potential neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) targeting the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 S. Here, we focused on the top 20 potential NAbs for the mechanism study. Of them, the top 4 NAbs could individually neutralize both authentic SARS-CoV-2 and SD614G pseudovirus efficiently. Our epitope mapping revealed that 16/20 potent NAbs overlapped the same steric epitope. Excitingly, we found that one of these potent NAbs (58G6) exclusively bound to a linear epitope on S-RBD (termed as 58G6e), and the interaction of 58G6e and the recombinant ACE2 could be blocked by 58G6. We confirmed that 58G6e represented a key site of vulnerability on S-RBD and it could positively react with COVID-19 convalescent patients’ plasma. We are the first, as far as we know, to provide direct evidences of a linear epitope that can be recognized by a potent NAb against SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD. This study paves the way for the applications of these NAbs and the potential safe and effective vaccine design. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest. : #ref-1 : #ref-3 : #ref-4 : #ref-5 : #ref-6
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