Transcriptome analysis of resistant and susceptible pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in response to Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vesicatoria
Bacterial spot (BS) disease of pepper, incited by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Vesicatoria ( Xcv ), is one of the most serious diseases. For a comparative analysis of defense response to Xcv infection, we performed a transcriptome analysis of BS -susceptible cultivar ECW and -resistant cultivar VI037601 using the HiSeq™ 2500 sequencing platform. Approximately 140.15 G clean data were generated from eighteen libraries. From the libraries generated, we identified 52,041 genes including 35,336 reference genes, 16,705 novel transcripts, and 4,794 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). There were 1,291, 2,956, 1,795 and 2,448 DEGs in ECW-24h-vs-ECW-0h, ECW-48h-vs-ECW-0h, VI037601-24h-vs-VI037601-0h and VI037601-48h-vs-VI037601-0h groups, respectively. Interestingly, DEGs involved in disease response in the resistant variety were induced at an earlier stage and at higher levels compared with the susceptible variety. Key enriched categories included amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis and MAPK signaling pathway. Moreover, 273 DEGs only differentially expressed in VI037601 and 436 overlapping DEGs in ECW and VI037601 post Xcv inoculation, including NBS-LRR genes, oxidoreductase gene, WRKY and NAC transcription factors were identified, which were mainly involved in metabolic process, response to stimulus and biological regulation pathways. Quantitative RT-PCR of sixteen selected DEGs further validated the RNA-seq differential gene expression analysis. Our results will provide a valuable resource for understanding the molecular mechanisms of pepper resistance to Xcv infection and improving pepper resistance cultivars against Xcv .
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