Genetics of vaccination-related narcolepsy
Hanna M Ollila,
Logan D. Schneider,
Pentti J. Tienari,
Posted 28 Jul 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/169623
Posted 28 Jul 2017
Narcolepsy type 1 is a severe hypersomnia affecting 1/3000 individuals. It is caused by a loss of neurons producing hypocretin/orexin in the hypothalamus. In 2009/2010, an immunization campaign directed towards the new pandemic H1N1 Influenza-A strain was launched and increased risk of narcolepsy reported in Northern European countries following vaccination with Pandemrix, an adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine resulting in ~250 vaccination-related cases in Finland alone. Using whole genome sequencing data of 2000 controls, exome sequencing data of 5000 controls and HumanCoreExome chip genotypes of 81 cases with vaccination-related narcolepsy and 2796 controls, we, built a multilocus genetic risk score with established narcolepsy risk variants. We also analyzed, whether novel risk variants would explain vaccine-related narcolepsy. We found that previously discovered risk variants had strong predictive power (accuracy of 73% and P<2.2*10-16; and ROC curve AUC 0.88) in vaccine-related narcolepsy cases with only 4.9% of cases being assigned to the low risk category. Our findings indicate genetic predisposition to vaccine-triggered narcolepsy, with the possibility of identifying 95% of people at risk.
- Downloaded 429 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 58,835
- In genetics: 2,789
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 107,833
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 63,708
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!