A sensitized mutagenesis screen in Factor V Leiden mice identifies novel thrombosis suppressor loci
Randal J. Westrick,
Amy E. Siebert,
Mary E. Winn,
Sarah L. Dobies,
Sara L Manning,
Marisa A. Brake,
Audrey C. Cleuren,
Linzi M. Hobbs,
Lena M. Mishack,
David R. Siemieniak,
Jun Z. Li,
Thomas L. Saunders,
Posted 16 Oct 2016
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/080432 (published DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1705762114)
Posted 16 Oct 2016
Factor V Leiden (F5L) is a common genetic risk factor for venous thromboembolism in humans. We conducted a sensitized ENU mutagenesis screen for dominant thrombosuppressor genes based on perinatal lethal thrombosis in mice homozygous for F5L (F5L/L) and haploinsufficient for tissue factor pathway inhibitor (Tfpi+/-). F8 deficiency enhanced survival of F5L/L Tfpi+/- mice, demonstrating that F5L/L Tfpi+/- lethality is genetically suppressible. ENU-mutagenized F5L/L males and F5L/+ Tfpi+/- females were crossed to generate 6,729 progeny, with 98 F5L/L Tfpi+/- offspring surviving until weaning. Sixteen lines exhibited transmission of a putative thrombosuppressor to subsequent generations, with these lines referred to as MF5L (Modifier of Factor 5 Leiden) 1-16. Linkage analysis in MF5L6 identified a chromosome 3 locus containing the tissue factor gene (F3). Though no ENU-induced F3 mutation was identified, haploinsufficiency for F3 (F3+/-) suppressed F5L/L Tfpi+/- lethality. Whole exome sequencing in MF5L12 identified an Actr2 gene point mutation (p.R258G) as the sole candidate. Inheritance of this variant is associated with suppression of F5L/L Tfpi+/- lethality (p=1.7x10-6), suggesting that Actr2p.R258G is thrombosuppressive. CRISPR/Cas9 experiments to generate an independent Actr2 knockin/knockout demonstrated that Actr2 haploinsufficiency is lethal, supporting a hypomorphic or gain of function mechanism of action for Actr2p.R258G. Our findings identify F8 and the Tfpi/F3 axis as key regulators in determining thrombosis balance in the setting of F5L and also suggest a novel role for Actr2 in this process.
- Downloaded 806 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 15,973 out of 89,119
- In genetics: 1,032 out of 4,610
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 48,797 out of 89,119
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 62,650 out of 89,119
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!