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Isoform-specific characterization implicates alternative splicing in APOBEC3B as a mechanism restricting APOBEC-mediated mutagenesis

By A. Rouf Banday, Olusegun O Onabajo, Seraph Han-Yin Lin, Adeola Obajemu, Joselin M. Vargas, Krista A. Delviks-Frankenberry, Philippe Lamy, Ariunaa Bayanjargal, Clara Zettelmeyer, Oscar Florez-Vargas, Vinay K. Pathak, Lars Dyrskjot, Ludmila Prokunina-Olsson

Posted 27 Sep 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.09.27.315689

APOBEC3A (A3A) and APOBEC3B (A3B) enzymes drive APOBEC-mediated mutagenesis, but the understanding of the regulation of their mutagenic activity remains limited. Here, we showed that mutagenic and non-mutagenic A3A and A3B enzymes are produced by canonical and alternatively spliced A3A and A3B isoforms, respectively. Notably, increased expression of the canonical A3B isoform, which encodes the mutagenic A3B enzyme, predicted shorter progression-free survival of bladder cancer patients. Expression of the mutagenic A3B isoform was reduced by exon 5 skipping, generating a non-mutagenic A3B isoform. The exon 5 skipping, which was dependent on the interaction between SF3B1 splicing factor and weak branch point sites in intron 4, could be enhanced by an SF3B1 inhibitor, decreasing the production of the mutagenic A3B enzyme. Thus, our results underscore the role of A3B, especially in bladder cancer, and implicate alternative splicing of A3B as a mechanism and therapeutic target to restrict APOBEC-mediated mutagenesis. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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