Tropomyosin in mugwort cross-reacts to house dust mite, eliciting non-Th2 response in allergic rhinitis patients sensitized to house dust mite
Background: Mugwort and house dust mite (HDM) are two of the most common inhalant allergens in Asia; however, whether or not mugwort affects polysensitized HDM+ allergic rhinitis (AR) patients has not been elucidated. Material and methods: Overall, 15884 AR outpatients were assessed for clinical status. Amino acid sequences of mugwort were determined by mass spectrometry. Afterward, cross-reactivity between mugwort tropomyosin and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus 10 (Der p10) was analysed by ELISA inhibition and basophils activation experiments. To compare immunologic responses eliciting by two different tropomyosins, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of HDM-monosensitized patients were stimulated by mugwort, HDM, Der p10 and synthetic peptides representing mugwort tropomyosin respectively. Results: Polysensitized HDM+AR patients were mainly sensitized to cat and mugwort, and the positive rate of monosensitized HDM+AR out-clinic patients was increased during the mugwort pollen season. Mugwort tropomyosin protein had similar structural domains to HDM tropomyosin, Der p10. ELISA inhibition experiment showed synthetic mugwort tropomyosin peptide inhibited IgE binding to Der p10; mugwort tropomyosin peptide activated basophils which were primed by HDM-specific IgE. Unlike HDM and Derp 10, mugwort and mugwort tropomyosin mainly induced IFN-γ and IL-17, release in PBMCs of monosensitized HDM+AR patients, but not IL-5. Conclusions: Pan-allergen tropomyosin is a major protein accounting for the cross-reactivity between mugwort and HDM, which reminds HDM+ patients to reduce mugwort exposure in mugwort pollen season in virtue of the tropomyosin induced mild inflammation. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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