A rendezvous of two second messengers: The c-di-AMP receptor protein DarB controls (p)ppGpp synthesis in Bacillus subtilis
Jana L. Heidemann,
Posted 27 Aug 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.08.27.268672
Posted 27 Aug 2020
Many bacteria use cyclic di-AMP as a second messenger to control potassium and osmotic homeostasis. In Bacillus subtilis, several c-di-AMP binding proteins and RNA molecules have been identified. Most of these targets play a role in controlling potassium uptake and export. In addition, c-di-AMP binds to two conserved target proteins of unknown function, DarA and DarB, that exclusively consist of the c-di-AMP binding domain. Most likely these proteins transduce their signal by regulatory interactions with other proteins. Here, we have investigated the function of the c-di-AMP-binding protein DarB in B. subtilis, a protein consisting of two CBS (cystathionine-beta synthase) domains. We have used an unbiased search for DarB interaction partners and identified the (p)ppGpp synthetase/hydrolase Rel as a major interaction partner of DarB. (p)ppGpp is another second messenger that is formed upon amino acid starvation and under other stress conditions to stop translation and active metabolism. The interaction between DarB and Rel only takes place if the bacteria grow at very low potassium concentrations and intracellular levels of c-di-AMP are low. Indeed, c-di-AMP inhibits the binding of DarB to Rel. The interaction results in the Rel-dependent accumulation of pppGpp. Our results link potassium and c-di-AMP signaling to the stringent response and thus to the global control of cellular physiology. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 318 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 91,770
- In microbiology: 6,463
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 82,211
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 94,605
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!