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Profiles of Expression pattern and tissue distribution of host defense peptides genes in different chicken (Gallus gallus) breeds related to body weight

By Zhengtian Li, Irfan Ahmed, Zhiqiqng Xu, Shuai Sun, Tao Li, Dahai Gu, Yong Li, Xia Zhang, Shixiong Yan, Wenyan Hu, Ziqing Jiang, Xiaohua Duan, Qihua Li, Lixian Liu, Hua Rong, Kun Wang, Alsoufi Mohammed Abdulwahid, Tengfei Dou, Shanrong Wang, Zhengchang Su, Changrong Ge, Marinus F.W. te Pas, Junjing Jia, Ying Huang

Posted 24 Aug 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.08.24.264861

Host defense peptides (HDPs) are an important first line of defense with antimicrobial and immunomodulatory properties. Selection for increased body weight is suggested to be related to reduced immune response. We studied the relationships among body weight, age, and the HDP expression patterns in intestine and immune organs. We used chickens with marked differences of body sizes. The non-selected Daweishan mini chickens showed the highest indexes of immune organs and the lowest concentrations of the plasma immune parameters C3, C4, IgA, and IgY, while the commercial Avian broiler showed the opposite results. The Daweishan mini chickens showed the highest mRNA expressions of HDP genes in small intestine followed by the semi-selected Wuding chickens. Compared with local breeds, broiler chickens showed higher mRNA expression of HDP genes in spleen, thymus, and bursa. Body weight and HDP expression levels were negatively correlated in the intestine and positively in the immune organs. These results indicated that the HDP immune regulatory roles in small intestine acted as first line of defense in innate immunity in local breeds, and as an adaptive immunity in broiler chickens. Selection was associated with the expression profiles of HDP genes in a chicken, age, and organ-specific manner.

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