The association between the HLA-DRB1 shared epitope alleles and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis is influenced by massive gene-gene interactions.
Posted 17 Nov 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/221416 (published DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2018-213412)
Posted 17 Nov 2017
In anti-citrullinated protein antibody positive rheumatoid arthritis (ACPA-positive RA), a particular subset of HLA-DRB1 alleles, called shared epitope alleles (SE), is the highest genetic risk factor. Here, we aimed to investigate whether gene-gene interactions influence this HLA-DRB1 related major disease risk; specifically, we set out to test if non-HLA SNPs, conferring low diseases risk on their own, can modulate the HLA-DRB1 SE effect to develop ACPA-positive RA. To address this question, we computed the attributable proportion (AP) due to additive interaction at genome-wide level for two independent ACPA-positive RA cohorts: the Swedish EIRA and the North American NARAC. We found a strong enrichment of significant interactions (AP p-values<0.05) between the HLA-DRB1 SE alleles and a group of SNPs associated with ACPA-positive RA in both cohorts (Kolmogorov-Smirnov [KS] test D=0.35 for EIRA and D=0.25 for NARAC, p<2.2e-16 for both). Interestingly, 201 out of 1,492 SNPs in consistent interaction for both cohorts, were eQTLs in SE alleles context in PBMCs from ACPA-positive RA patients. Finally, we observed that the effect size of HLA-DRB1 SE alleles for disease decreases from 5.2 to 2.5 after discounting the risk alleles of the two top interacting SNPs (rs2476601 and rs10739581, AP FDR corrected p<0.05). Our data demonstrate that the association between the HLA-DRB1 SE alleles and the risk of ACPA-positive RA is modulated by massive genetic interactions with non-HLA genetic variants.
- Downloaded 500 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 61,163
- In genetics: 2,694
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 131,546
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 78,237
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!