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De novo variants in DDX3X account for 1-3% of unexplained intellectual disability (ID), one of the most common causes of ID, in females. Forty-seven patients (44 females, 3 males) have been described. We identified 29 additional individuals carrying 27 unique DDX3X variants in the setting of complex clinical presentations including developmental delay or ID. In addition to previously reported manifestations, rare or novel phenotypes were identified including respiratory problems, congenital heart disease, skeletal muscle mitochondrial DNA depletion, and late-onset neurologic decline. Our findings expand the spectrum of DNA variants and phenotypes associated with DDX3X disorders.

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