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Structure of human sodium leak channel NALCN in complex with FAM155A

By Jiongfang Xie, Meng Ke, Lizhen Xu, Shiyi Lin, Jiabei Zhang, Fan Yang, Jianping Wu, Zhen Yan

Posted 25 Jul 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.24.218958

NALCN, a sodium leak channel mainly expressed in the central nervous systems, is responsible for the resting Na+ permeability that controls neuronal excitability. Dysfunctions of the NALCN channelosome, NALCN with several auxiliary subunits, are associated with a variety of human diseases. Here, we reported the cryo-EM structure of human NALCN in complex with FAM155A, at an overall resolution of 3.1 angstrom. FAM155A forms extensive interactions with the extracellular loops of NALCN that help stabilize NALCN in the membrane. A Na+ ion-binding site, reminiscent of a Ca2+ binding site in Cav channels, is identified in the unique EEKE selectivity filter. Despite its 'leaky' nature, the intracellular gate is sealed by S6I, II-III linker and III-IV linker. Our study establishes the molecular basis of Na+ permeation and voltage sensitivity, and provides important clues to the mechanistic understanding of NALCN regulation and NALCN channelosome-related diseases. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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