CglB adhesins secreted at bacterial focal adhesions mediate gliding motility
Salim T. Islam,
Nicolas Y. Jolivet,
Akeisha M. Belgrave,
Laura M. Faure,
David J. Lemon,
Benjamin P Bratton,
Anthony G. Garza,
Joshua W. Shaevitz,
Posted 22 Jul 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.22.216333
Posted 22 Jul 2020
The predatory deltaproteobacterium Myxococcus xanthus uses a helically-trafficked motor at bacterial focal adhesion (bFA) sites to power gliding motility. Using TIRF and force microscopy, we herein identify the integrin αI-domain-like outer-membrane (OM) lipoprotein CglB as an essential substratum-coupling protein of the gliding motility complex. Similar to most known OM lipoproteins, CglB is anchored on the periplasmic side of the OM and thus a mechanism must exist to secrete it to the cell surface in order for it to interact with the underlying substratum. We reveal this process to be mediated by a predicted OM β-barrel structure of the gliding complex. This OM platform was found to regulate the conformational activation and secretion of CglB across the OM. These data suggest that the gliding complex promotes surface exposure of CglB at bFAs, thus explaining the manner by which forces exerted by inner-membrane motors are transduced across the cell envelope to the substratum; they also uncover a novel protein secretion mechanism, highlighting the ubiquitous connection between secretion and bacterial motility. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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