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Efficient and stable metabarcoding sequencing from DNBSEQ-G400 sequencer examined by large fungal community analysis

By Xiaohuan Sun, Jingjing Wang, Chao Fang, Jiguang Li, Mo Han, Xiaofang Wei, Haotian Zheng, Xiaoqing Luo, Meihua Gong, Liang Xiao, Yuehua Hu, Zewei Song

Posted 03 Jul 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.02.185710

Metabarcoding has become the de facto method for characterizing the structure of microbial communities in complex environmental samples. To determine how sequencing platform may influence microbial community characterization, we present a large-scale comparison of two sequencing platforms; Illumina MiSeq and a new platform DNBSEQ-G400 developed by MGI Tech. The accuracy of DNBSEQ-G400 on bacterial and fungal mock samples and compared sequencing consistency and precision between DNBSEQ-G400 and MiSeq platforms by sequencing the fungal ITS2 region from 1144 soil samples with 3 technical replicates. The DNBSEQ-G400 showed a high accuracy in reproducing mock communities containing different proportions of bacteria and fungi, respectively. The taxonomic profiles of the 1144 soil samples generated by the two DNBSEQ-G400 modes closely resembled each other and were highly correlated with those generated by the MiSeq platform. Analyses of technical replicates demonstrated a run bias against certain taxa on the MiSeq but not DNBSEQ-G400 platform. Based on lower cost, greater capacity, and less bias, we conclude that DNBSEQ-G400 is an optimal platform for short-term metabarcoding of microbial communities.

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