Rxivist logo

Surface-Based Connectivity Integration

By Martin Cole, Kyle Murray, Etienne St-Onge, Benjamin Risk, Jianhui Zhong, Giovanni Schifitto, Maxime Descoteaux, Zhengwu Zhang

Posted 02 Jul 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.07.01.183038

There has been increasing interest in jointly studying structural connectivity (SC) and functional connectivity (FC) derived from diffusion and functional MRI. However, several fundamental problems are still not well considered when conducting such connectome integration analyses, e.g., "Which structure (e.g., gray matter, white matter, white surface or pial surface) should be used for defining SC and FC and exploring their relationships", "Which brain parcellation should be used", and "How do the SC and FC correlate with each other and how do such correlations vary in different locations of the brain?". In this work, we develop a new framework called surface-based connectivity integration (SBCI) to facilitate the integrative analysis of SC and FC with a re-thinking of these problems. We propose to use the white surface (the interface of white matter and gray matter) to build both SC and FC since diffusion signals are in the white matter while functional signals are more present in the gray matter. SBCI also represents both SC and FC in a continuous manner at very high spatial resolution on the white surface, avoiding the need of pre-specified atlases which may bias the comparison of SC and FC. Using data from the Human Connectome Project, we show that SBCI can create reproducible, high quality SC and FC, in addition to three novel imaging biomarkers reflective of the similarity between SC and FC throughout the brain, called global, local, and discrete SC-FC coupling. Further, we demonstrate the usefulness of these biomarkers in finding group effects due to biological sex throughout the brain. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

Download data

  • Downloaded 567 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 65,377
    • In neuroscience: 9,423
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 98,263
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 43,198

Altmetric data

Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide