An Evolutionarily Conserved piRNA-producing Locus Required for Male Mouse Fertility
Pachytene piRNAs, which comprise >80% of small RNAs in the adult mouse testis, have been proposed to bind and regulate target RNAs like miRNAs, cleave targets like siRNAs, or lack biological function altogether. Although piRNA pathway protein mutants are male sterile, no biological function has been identified for any mammalian piRNA-producing locus. Here, we report that males lacking piRNAs from a conserved mouse pachytene piRNA locus on chromosome 6 ( pi6 ) produce sperm with defects in capacitation and egg fertilization. Moreover, heterozygous embryos sired by pi6 −/− fathers show reduced viability in utero. Molecular analyses suggest that pi6 piRNAs repress gene expression by cleaving mRNAs encoding proteins required for sperm function. pi6 also participates in a network of piRNA-piRNA precursor interactions that initiate piRNA production from a second piRNA locus on chromosome 10 as well as pi6 itself. Our data establish a direct role for pachytene piRNAs in spermiogenesis and embryo viability. Highlights
- Downloaded 1,228 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 12,561 out of 118,217
- In genetics: 675 out of 5,134
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 18,351 out of 118,217
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 21,257 out of 118,217
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!