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Functional Characterization of the Lin28/let-7 Circuit during Forelimb Regeneration in Ambystoma mexicanum and its Influence on Metabolic Reprogramming

By Hugo Varela-Rodríguez, Diana G. Abella-Quintana, Luis Varela-Rodríguez, David Gomez-Zepeda, Annie Espinal-Centeno, Juan Caballero Perez, José J. Ordaz-Ortiz, Alfredo Cruz-Ramirez

Posted 20 Jun 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.06.18.160291 (published DOI: 10.3389/fcell.2020.562940)

The axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) is a caudate amphibian, which has an extraordinary ability to restore a wide variety of damaged structures by a process denominated epimorphosis. While the origin and potentiality of progenitor cells that take part during epimorphic regeneration are known to some extent, the metabolic changes experienced and their associated implications, remain unexplored. However, a circuit with a potential role as a modulator of cellular metabolism along regeneration is that formed by Lin28/let-7. In this study, we report two Lin28 paralogs and eight mature let-7 microRNAs encoded in the axolotl genome. Particularly, in the proliferative blastema stage amxLin28B is more abundant in the nuclei of blastemal cells, while the microRNAs amx-let-7c and amx-let-7a are most downregulated. Functional inhibition of Lin28 factors increase the levels of most mature let-7 microRNAs, consistent with an increment of intermediary metabolites of the Krebs cycle, and phenotypic alterations in the outgrowth of the blastema. In summary, we describe the primary components of the Lin28/let-7 circuit and their function during axolotl regeneration, acting upstream of metabolic reprogramming events. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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