TMEM106B and CPOX are genetic determinants of cerebrospinal fluid Alzheimer's disease biomarker levels
Stephanie J. B. Vos,
Charlotte E. Teunissen,
Jill C. Richardson,
Richard J. B. Dobson,
Christine Van Broeckhoven,
Rudolph E. Tanzi,
Mara ten Kate,
Pieter Jelle Visser,
Posted 01 Jun 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.31.125633
Posted 01 Jun 2020
Background: Neurofilament light (NF-L), chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40), and neurogranin (Ng) are utilized as biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD), to monitor axonal damage, astroglial activation, and synaptic degeneration, respectively. Here we performed genome-wide association study (GWAS) analyses using all three biomarkers as outcome. Methods: DNA and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples originated from the European Medical Information Framework AD Multimodal Biomarker Discovery (EMIF-AD MBD) study. Overlapping genotype/phenotype data were available for n=671 (NF-L), 677 (YKL-40), and 672 (Ng) individuals. GWAS analyses applied linear regression models adjusting for relevant covariates. Findings: We identify novel genome-wide significant associations with markers in TMEM106B and CSF levels of NF-L. Additional novel signals were observed with DNA variants in CPOX and CSF levels of YKL-40. Lastly, we confirmed previous work suggesting that YKL-40 levels are regulated by cis protein quantitative trait loci (pQTL) in CHI3L1. Interpretation: Our study provides important new insights into the genetic architecture underlying inter-individual variation in all three tested AD-related CSF biomarkers. In particular, our data shed light on the sequence of events regarding the initiation and progression of neuropathological processes relevant in AD. ### Competing Interest Statement KB has served as a consultant, at advisory boards, or at data monitoring committees for Abcam, Axon, Biogen, Julius Clinical, Lilly, MagQu, Novartis, Roche Diagnostics, and Siemens Healthineers, and is a co-founder of Brain Biomarker Solutions in Gothenburg AB (BBS), which is a part of the GU Ventures Incubator Program, all unrelated to the work presented in this paper. HZ has served at scientific advisory boards for Denali, Roche Diagnostics, Wave, Samumed and CogRx, has given lectures in symposia sponsored by Fujirebio, Alzecure and Biogen, and is a co-founder of Brain Biomarker Solutions in Gothenburg AB (BBS), which is a part of the GU Ventures Incubator Program. The other authors declare no conflict of interests.
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