The effect of autophagy and mitochondrial fission on Harderian gland is greater than apoptosis in male hamsters during different photoperiods
Photoperiod is an important factor of mammalian seasonal rhythm. We studied the morphological differences in HG which is a vital photosensitive organ of male striped dwarf hamsters (Cricetulus barabensis), under different photoperiods (short photoperiod, SP; moderate photoperiod, MP; long photoperiod, LP), and further investigated the molecular mechanisms related to these morphological differences. Results showed that body weight, carcass weight, and HG weight were lower in SP and LP. Protein expression of bax/bcl2 and Cytochrome C showed no significant differences, indicating that the level of apoptosis remained stable. Protein aggregation of LC3 and protein expression of LC3II/LC3I were higher in SP than. Furthermore, comparison of changes in the HG ultrastructure demonstrated autolysosome formation in the LP, which suggesting the lowest autophagy level in MP. Protein expression levels of ATP synthase and mitochondrial fission factor were highest in the MP, whereas citrate synthase, dynamin-related protein1, and fission1 remained unchanged in three groups. In summary, the significant up-regulation of autophagy under short and long photoperiod may be the main factor leading to the loss of HG weight and reduced mitochondrial energy supply.
- Downloaded 78 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 135,168
- In cell biology: 6,171
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 138,431
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 136,106
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!