Structural basis of bile acid receptor activation and Gs coupling
Vincent C Luca,
Posted 25 May 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.24.104034
Posted 25 May 2020
G protein-coupled bile acid receptor (GPBAR) is a membrane receptor that senses bile acids to regulate diverse functions through Gs activation. Here, we report the cryo-EM structures of GPBAR-Gs complexes stabilized by either high-affinity P395 or the semisynthesized bile acid derivative INT-777 at 3-Aring resolution. These structures revealed a large oval-shaped ligand pocket with several sporadic polar groups to accommodate the amphipathic cholic core of bile acids. A fingerprint of key residues recognizing diverse bile acids in the orthosteric site, a putative second bile acid binding site with allosteric properties and structural features contributing to bias property were identified through structural analysis and mutagenesis studies. Moreover, structural comparison of GPBAR with other GPCRs uncovered an atypical mode of receptor activation and G-protein-coupling, featuring a different set of key residues connecting the ligand binding pocket to the Gs coupling site, and a specific interaction motif localized in intracellular loop 3. Overall, our study not only provides unique structural features of GPBAR in bile acid recognition, allosteric effects and biased signaling, but also suggests that distinct allosteric connecting mechanisms between the ligand binding pocket and the G protein binding site exist in the GPCR superfamily. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 846 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 23,232
- In biochemistry: 540
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: None
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 42,155
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!