The protein Atg2 has been proposed to form a membrane tether that mediates lipid transfer from the ER to the phagophore in autophagy. However, recent kinetic measurements on the human homolog ATG2A indicated a transport rate of only about one lipid per minute, which would be far too slow to deliver the millions of lipids required to form a phagophore on a physiological time scale. Here, we revisit the analysis of the fluorescence quenching experiments. We develop a detailed kinetic model of the lipid transfer between two membranes bridged by a tether that forms a conduit for lipids. The model provides an excellent fit to the fluorescence experiments, with a lipid transfer rate of about 100 per second and protein. At this rate, Atg2-mediated transfer can supply a significant fraction of the lipids required in autophagosome biogenesis. Our kinetic model is generally applicable to lipid-transfer experiments, in particular to proteins forming organelle contact sites in cells. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 337 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 98,556
- In biophysics: 3,739
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 92,530
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 76,608
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!