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Closure motif-mediated state changes of the HORMA protein ASY1

By Chao Yang, Bingyan Hu, Stephan Michael Portheine, Pichaporn Chuenban, Arp Schnittger

Posted 05 May 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.04.064501

Meiotic HORMA domain-containing proteins (HORMADs) are key components of the chromosome axis and play an essential role in meiosis in many organisms. The meiotic HORMADs, including yeast Hop1, mouse HORMAD1 and HORMAD2, and Arabidopsis ASY1, assemble along chromosomes at early prophase and the closure motif at their C-termini has been hypothesized to be instrumental for this step by promoting HORMAD oligomerization. In late prophase, ASY1 and its homologs are progressively removed from synapsed chromosomes promoting chromosome synapsis and recombination. The conserved AAA+ ATPase PCH2/TRIP13 has been intensively studied for its role in removing HORMADs from synapsed chromosomes. In contrast, not much is known about how HORMADs are loaded onto chromosomes. Here, we reveal that the PCH2-mediated dissociation of the HORMA domain of ASY1 from its closure motif is important for the nuclear targeting and subsequent chromosomal loading of ASY1. This indicates that the promotion of ASY1 to an unlocked state is a prerequisite for its nuclear localization and chromosomal assembly. Likewise, we find that the closure motif is also necessary for the removal of ASY1 by PCH2 later in prophase. Our work results in a grand unified model for PCH2 and HORMADs function in meiosis. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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