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Sequential screening nominates the Parkinson's disease associated kinase LRRK2 as a regulator of Clathrin-mediated endocytosis

By George R Heaton, Natalie Landeck, Adamantios Mamais, Mike A Nalls, Jonathon Nixon-Abell, Ravindran Kumaran, Alexandra Beilina, Laura Pelligrini, Yan Li, International Parkinson Disease Genomics Consortium (IPDGC), Kirsten Harvey, Mark R Cookson

Posted 30 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.28.053660 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.nbd.2020.104948)

Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are an established cause of inherited Parkinson's disease (PD). LRRK2 is expressed in both neurons and glia in the central nervous system, but its physiological function(s) in each of these cell types is uncertain. Through sequential screens, we report a functional interaction between LRRK2 and Clathrin adaptor protein complex 2 (AP2). Analysis of LRRK2 KO tissue revealed a signifi-cant dysregulation of AP2 complex components, suggesting LRRK2 may act upstream of AP2. In line with this hypothesis, expression of LRRK2 was found to modify recruitment and phosphorylation of AP2. Furthermore, expression of LRRK2 containing the R1441C pathogenic mutation resulted in impaired clathrin-mediated endo-cytosis (CME). A decrease in activity-dependent synaptic vesicle endocytosis was also observed in neurons harboring an endogenous R1441C LRRK2 mutation. Alongside LRRK2, several PD-associated genes intersect with membrane-trafficking pathways. To investigate the genetic association between Clathrin-trafficking and PD, we used polygenetic risk profiling from IPDGC genome wide association studies (GWAS) datasets. Clathrin-dependent endocytosis genes were found to be associated with PD across multiple cohorts, suggesting common variants at these loci represent a cumulative risk factor for disease. Taken together, these findings suggest CME is a LRRK2-mediated, PD relevant pathway. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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