The flagellar motor of Vibrio alginolyticus undergoes major structural remodeling during rotational switching
The bacterial flagellar motor is an intricate nanomachine that switches rotational directions between counterclockwise (CCW) and clockwise (CW) to direct the migration of the cell. The cytoplasmic ring (C-ring) of the motor, which is composed of FliG, FliM, and FliN, is essential for controlling the rotational sense of the flagellum. However, the mechanism underlying rotational switching remains elusive. Here, we deployed cryo-electron tomography to visualize the C-ring in two rotational biased mutants (CCW-biased fliG -G214S and CW-locked fliG -G215A) in Vibrio alginolyticus . Sub-tomogram averaging was utilized to resolve two distinct conformations of the C-ring. Comparison of the C-ring structures in two rotational senses provide direct evidence that the C-ring undergoes major structural remodeling during rotational switch. Specifically, FliG conformational changes elicit a large rearrangement of the C-ring that coincides with rotational switching, whereas FliM and FliN form a spiral-shaped base, likely stabilizing the C-ring during the conformational remodeling.
- Downloaded 403 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 118,521
- In microbiology: 7,916
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 149,018
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 137,195
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!