Proteins play a significant part in life processes such as cell growth, development, and reproduction. Exploring protein subcellular localization (SCL) is a direct way to better understand the function of proteins in cells. Studies have found that more and more proteins belong to multiple subcellular locations, and these proteins are called multi-label proteins. They not only play a key role in cell life activities, but also play an indispensable role in medicine and drug development. This article first presents a new prediction model, MpsLDA-ProSVM, to predict the SCL of multi-label proteins. Firstly, the physical and chemical information, evolution information, sequence information and annotation information of protein sequences are fused. Then, for the first time, use a weighted multi-label linear discriminant analysis framework based on entropy weight form (wMLDAe) to refine and purify features, reduce the difficulty of learning. Finally, input the optimal feature subset into the multi-label learning with label-specific features (LIFT) and multi-label k-nearest neighbor (ML-KNN) algorithms to obtain a synthetic ranking of relevant labels, and then use Prediction and Relevance Ordering based SVM (ProSVM) classifier to predict the SCLs. This method can rank and classify related tags at the same time, which greatly improves the efficiency of the model. Tested by jackknife method, the overall actual accuracy (OAA) on virus, plant, Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria datasets are 98.06%, 98.97%, 99.81% and 98.49%, which are 0.56%-9.16%, 5.37%-30.87%, 3.51%-6.91% and 3.99%-8.59% higher than other advanced methods respectively. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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