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A multivalent fuzzy interface drives reversible COPII coat assembly.

By Viktoriya G. Stancheva, Joshua Hutchings, Xiao-Han Li, Balaji Santhanam, M. Madan Babu, Giulia Zanetti, Elizabeth A. Miller

Posted 16 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.15.043356

Protein secretion is initiated at the endoplasmic reticulum by the COPII coat, which self-assembles to form vesicles. Here, we examine the mechanisms by which the outer scaffolding layer of the coat drives local assembly of a structure rigid enough to enforce membrane curvature, yet able to readily disassemble at the Golgi. An intrinsically disordered region in the outer coat protein, Sec31, drives binding with an inner coat layer via multiple distinct interfaces. Interactions are individually dispensable but combinatorially reinforce each other, suggesting coat oligomerization is driven by the cumulative effects of multivalent interactions. Such a multimodal assembly platform could be readily reversed at the Golgi via perturbation of each individual interface. These design principles provide an explanation for how cells build a powerful yet transient scaffold to direct vesicle traffic ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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