Epigenome-wide association meta-analysis of DNA methylation with coffee and tea consumption
Silvana C.E. Maas,
Emily A. Hu,
Juan E Castillo-Fernandez,
Kerri L. Wiggins,
Niek de Klein,
Brenton R. Swenson,
Jorien L. Treur,
Joyce B.J. van Meurs,
André G. Uitterlinden,
Robert J. de Knegt,
M Arfan Ikram,
Sina A. Gharib,
Casey M. Rebholz,
Posted 15 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.15.042267
Posted 15 Apr 2020
Coffee and tea are extensively consumed beverages worldwide. Observational studies have shown contradictory findings for the association between consumption of these beverages and different health outcomes. Epigenetics is suggested as a mechanism mediating the effects of dietary and lifestyle factors on disease onset. We conducted epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) on coffee and tea consumptions in 15,789 participants of European and African-American ancestries from 15 cohorts. EWAS meta-analysis revealed 11 CpG sites significantly associated with coffee consumption (P-value <1.1*10-7), nine of them annotated to the genes AHRR, F2RL3, FLJ43663, HDAC4, GFI1 and PHGDH, and two CpGs suggestively associated with tea consumption (P-value<5.0*10-6). Among these, cg14476101 was significantly associated with expression of its annotated gene PHGDH and risk of fatty liver disease. Knockdown of PHGDH expression in liver cells showed a correlation with expression levels of lipid-associated genes, suggesting a role of PHGDH in hepatic-lipid metabolism. Collectively, this study indicates that coffee consumption is associated with differential DNA methylation levels at multiple CpGs, and that coffee-associated epigenetic variations may explain the mechanism of action of coffee consumption in conferring disease risk. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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