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Comprehensive transcriptome data of normal and Ascosphaera apis-infected western honeybee larval guts

By Yu Du, Jie Wang, Zhiwei Zhu, Haibin Jiang, Xiaoxue Fan, Yuanchan Fan, Yanzhen Zheng, Cuiling Xiong, Dafu Chen, Rui Guo

Posted 14 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.11.037598

Apis mellifera ligustica is a well-known subspecies of western honeybee, Apis mellifera. Ascosphaera apis is a common fungal pathogen of honeybee larvae, resulting in Chalkbrood disease. In this article, deep sequencing of un-treated 4-, 5-, and 6-day-old larval guts (AmCK1, AmCK2, AmCK3) and A. apis-treated 4-, 5- and 6-day-old larval guts (AmT1, AmT2, AmT3) of Apis mellifera ligustica were conducted using Illumina HiSeqTM 4000 platform. In total, 85811046, 81962296, 85636572, 79267686, 82889882, and 100211796 raw reads were respectively yielded from above-mentioned six groups. The result of sequencing satuation analysis suggested that the sequencing depth in this work was enough to detect nearly all expressed genes. After quality control, 85739414, 81896402, 85573798, 79202304, 82828926, and 100128692 clean reads were obtained. Additionally, the GC content of each group was above 45.26%. Furthermore, 47035852, 65612676, 71803878, 62560904, 65018360, and 56278272 clean reads were mapped to the Apis mellifera genome, including 41221479, 61172916, 66724233, 57531335, 60245732, and 52638986 unique mapped clean reads, and 2078427, 986825, 915375, 1082925, 1097130, and 716436 multiple mapped clean reads. In addition, exons were the most abundant regions mapped by clean reads, follow by intergenic regions and introns. The strand-specific cDNA library-based RNA sequencing data documented here will faciliate study on molecualr mechanisms underlying host immune response and host-pathogen interaction during chalkbrood disease, and benefit understanding of non-coding RNA-mediated cross-kingdom regulation between A. m. ligustica larvae and A. apis. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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