Capture-based enrichment of Theileria parva DNA enables full genome assembly of first buffalo- derived strain and reveals exceptional intra-specific genetic diversity
Nicholas C Palmateer,
Olukemi O Ifeonu,
Hanzel T Gotia,
James B. Munro,
W Ivan Morrison,
Claudia A. Daubenberger,
Donald P. Knowles,
Richard P Bishop,
Joana Carneiro Silva
Posted 13 Apr 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.04.11.037309
Posted 13 Apr 2020
Theileria parva is an economically important, intracellular, tick-transmitted parasite of cattle. A live vaccine against the parasite is effective against challenge from cattle-transmissible T. parva but not against genotypes originating from the African Cape buffalo, a major wildlife reservoir, prompting the need to characterize genome-wide variation within and between cattle- and buffalo-associated T. parva populations. Here, we describe a capture-based target enrichment approach that enables, for the first time, de novo assembly of nearly complete T. parva genomes derived from infected host cell lines. This approach has exceptionally high specificity and sensitivity and is successful for both cattle- and buffalo-derived T. parva parasites. De novo genome assemblies generated for cattle genotypes differ from the reference by ~54K single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) throughout the 8.31 Mb genome, an average of 6.5 SNPs/kb. We report the first buffalo-derived T. parva genome, which is larger than the genome from the reference, cattle-derived, Muguga strain. The average non-synonymous nucleotide diversity (πN) per gene, between buffalo-derived T. parva and the Muguga strain, was 1.3%. This remarkably high level of genetic divergence is supported by an average F ST, genome-wide, of 0.44, reflecting a degree of genetic differentiation between cattle- and buffalo-derived T. parva parasites more commonly seen between, rather than within, species, with clear implications for vaccine development. The DNA capture approach used provides clear advantages over alternative T. parva DNA enrichment methods used previously and enables in-depth comparative genomics in this apicomplexan parasite. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 315 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 128,606
- In genomics: 6,952
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 134,507
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 68,335
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!