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Structure-Based Design, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Peptidomimetic Aldehydes as a Novel Series of Antiviral Drug Candidates Targeting the SARS-CoV-2 Main Protease

By Wenhao Dai, Bing Zhang, Xia-Ming Jiang, Haixia Su, Jian Li, Yao Zhao, Xiong Xie, Zhenming Jin, Jingjing Peng, Fengjiang Liu, Chunpu Li, You Li, Fang Bai, Haofeng Wang, Xi Chen, Xiaobo Cen, Shulei Hu, Xiuna Yang, Jiang Wang, Xiang Liu, Gengfu Xiao, Hualiang Jiang, Zihe Rao, Lei-Ke Zhang, Yechun Xu, Haitao Yang, Hong Liu

Posted 28 Mar 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.25.996348

SARS-CoV-2 is the etiological agent responsible for the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan. Specific antiviral drug are urgently needed to treat COVID-19 infections. The main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2 is a key CoV enzyme that plays a pivotal role in mediating viral replication and transcription, which makes it an attractive drug target. In an effort to rapidly discover lead compounds targeting Mpro, two compounds (11a and 11b) were designed and synthesized, both of which exhibited excellent inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 0.05 μM and 0.04 μM respectively. Significantly, both compounds exhibited potent anti-SARS-CoV-2 infection activity in a cell-based assay with an EC50 value of 0.42 μM and 0.33 μM, respectively. The X-ray crystal structures of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro in complex with 11a and 11b were determined at 1.5 Å resolution, respectively. The crystal structures showed that 11a and 11b are irreversible, the aldehyde groups of which are bound covalently to Cys145 of Mpro. Both compounds are promising drug leads with clinical potential that merits further studies.

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