DNA methylation is indispensable for leukemia inhibitory factor dependent embryonic stem cells reprogramming
M. Azim Surani,
Posted 18 Mar 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.17.994939
Posted 18 Mar 2020
Naive pluripotency can be maintained by the 2i/LIF supplements (CHIR99021, PD0325901 and LIF), which primarily affect canonical WNT, FGF/ERK, and JAK/STAT3 signaling. However, whether one of these tripartite supplements alone is sufficient to maintain naive self-renewal remain unclear. Here we show that LIF alone is sufficient to induce reprogramming of 2i/LIF cultured ESCs (2i/L-ESCs) to ESCs with hypermethylated state (L-ESCs). In vitro, upon withdrawal of 2i, 2i/L-ESCs overcome the epigenetic barrier and DNA hypermethylated, which accompanies transcriptional changes and subsequent establishment of epigenetic memory. Global transcriptome features also show that L-ESCs are close to 2i/L-ESCs and in a stable state between naive and primed pluripotency. Notably, our results demonstrate that DNA methylation is indispensable for LIF-dependent mouse ESCs reprogramming and self-renew. LIF-dependent ESCs reprogramming efficiency is significantly increased in serum treatment and reduced in Dnmt3a or Dnmt3l knockout ESCs. Importantly, unlike epiblast and EpiSCs, L-ESCs contribute to somatic tissues and germ cells in chimaeras. Such simple culture system of ESCs is more conducive to clarify the molecular mechanism of ESCs in vitro culture. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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