The mitochondrial Tim chaperones are responsible for the transport of membrane proteins across the inter-membrane space to the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes. TIM9·10, a hexameric 70 kDa protein complex formed by 3 copies of Tim9 and Tim10, guides its clients across the aqueous compartment. The TIM9·10·12 complex is the anchor point at the inner-membrane insertase complex TIM22. The mechanism of client transport by TIM9·10 has been resolved recently, but the structure and subunit composition of the TIM9·10·12 complex remains largely unresolved. Furthermore, the assembly process of the hexameric TIM chaperones from its subunits remained elusive. We investigate the structural and dynamical properties of the Tim subunits, and show that they are highly dynamic. In their non-assembled form, the subunits behave as intrinsically disordered proteins; when the conserved cysteines of the CX3C-Xn-CX3C motifs are formed, short marginally stable α-helices are formed, which are only fully stabilized upon hexamer formation to the mature chaperone. Subunits are in equilibrium between their hexamer-embedded and a free form, with exchange kinetics on a minutes time scale. Joint NMR, small-angle X-ray scattering and MD simulation data allow us to derive a structural model of the TIM9·10·12 assembly, which has a 2:3:1 stoichiometry with a conserved hydrophobic client- binding groove and flexible N- and C-terminal tentacles.
- Downloaded 1,129 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 30,505
- In biophysics: 873
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 38,440
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 83,123
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!