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Split-TurboID enables contact-dependent proximity labeling in cells

By Kelvin F Cho, Tess C Branon, Sanjana Rajeev, Tanya Svinkina, Namrata D Udeshi, Themis Thoudam, Chulhwan Kwak, Hyun-Woo Rhee, In-Kyu Lee, Steven A Carr, Alice Y. Ting

Posted 12 Mar 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.11.988022 (published DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1919528117)

Proximity labeling (PL) catalyzed by promiscuous enzymes such as TurboID have enabled the proteomic analysis of subcellular regions difficult or impossible to access by conventional fractionation-based approaches. Yet some cellular regions, such as organelle contact sites, remain out of reach for current PL methods. To address this limitation, we split the enzyme TurboID into two inactive fragments that recombine when driven together by a protein-protein interaction or membrane-membrane apposition. At endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria contact sites, reconstituted TurboID catalyzed spatially-restricted biotinylation, enabling the enrichment and identification of >100 endogenous proteins, including many not previously linked to ER-mitochondria contacts. We validated eight novel candidates by biochemical fractionation and overexpression imaging. Overall, split-TurboID is a versatile tool for conditional and spatially-specific proximity labeling in cells.

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