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An active chromatin interactome in relevant cell lines elucidates biological mechanisms at genetic risk loci for dermatological traits

By Chenfu Shi, Helen Ray-Jones, James Ding, Kate Duffus, Yao Fu, Vasanthi Priyadarshini Gaddi, Oliver Gough, Jenny Hankinson, Paul Martin, Amanda Mcgovern, Annie Yarwood, Patrick Gaffney, Stephen Eyre, Magnus Rattray, RB Warren, Gisela Orozco

Posted 06 Mar 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.05.973271

Chromatin looping between regulatory elements and gene promoters presents a potential mechanism whereby disease risk variants affect their target genes. Here we use H3K27ac HiChIP, a method for assaying the active chromatin interactome in two cell lines: keratinocytes and skin derived CD8+ T cells. We integrate public datasets for a lymphoblastoid cell line and primary CD4+ T cells and identify gene targets at risk loci for skin-related disorders. Interacting genes enrich for pathways of known importance in each trait, such as cytokine response (psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis) and replicative senescence (melanoma). We show examples of how our analysis can inform changes in the current understanding of multiple psoriasis associated risk loci. For example, the variant rs10794648, which is generally assigned to IFNLR1, was linked to GRHL3 in our dataset, a gene essential in skin repair and development. Our findings, therefore, indicate a renewed importance of skin related factors in the risk of disease. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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