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Differentiation drives widespread rewiring of the neural stem cell chaperone network

By Willianne I. M. Vonk, T. Kelly Rainbolt, Patrick Dolan, Ashley E. Webb, Anne Brunet, Judith Frydman

Posted 06 Mar 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.05.976068 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2020.03.009)

Neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs) are critical for continued cellular replacement in the adult brain. Life-long maintenance of a functional NSPC pool necessitates stringent mechanisms to preserve a pristine proteome. We find that the NSPCs chaperone network robustly maintains misfolded protein solubility and stress resilience through high levels of the ATP-dependent chaperonin TRiC/CCT. Strikingly, NSPC differentiation rewires the cellular chaperone network, reducing TRiC/CCT levels and inducing those of the ATP-independent small heat shock proteins (sHSPs). This switches the proteostasis strategy in neural progeny cells to promote sequestration of misfolded proteins into protective inclusions. The chaperone network of NSPCs is more effective than that of differentiated cells, leading to improved management of proteotoxic stress and amyloidogenic proteins. However, NSPC proteostasis is impaired by brain aging. The less efficient chaperone network of differentiated neural progeny may contribute to their enhanced susceptibility to neurodegenerative diseases characterized by aberrant protein misfolding and aggregation.

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