Functional consequences of genetic loci associated with intelligence in a meta-analysis of 87,740 individuals
Jonathan RI Coleman,
Héléna A. Gaspar,
Philip R Jansen,
N. G. Skene,
Ana B Muñoz-Manchado,
Patrick F Sullivan,
Posted 31 Jul 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/170712 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41380-018-0040-6)
Posted 31 Jul 2017
Variance in IQ is associated with a wide range of health outcomes, and 1% of the population are affected by intellectual disability. Despite a century of research, the fundamental neural underpinnings of intelligence remain unclear. We integrate results from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of intelligence with brain tissue and single cell gene expression data to identify tissues and cell types associated with intelligence. GWAS data for IQ (N = 78,308) were meta-analyzed with an extreme-trait cohort of 1,247 individuals with mean IQ ~170 and 8,185 controls. Genes associated with intelligence implicate pyramidal neurons of the somatosensory cortex and CA1 region of the hippocampus, and midbrain embryonic GABAergic neurons. Tissue-specific analyses find the most significant enrichment for frontal cortex brain expressed genes. These results suggest specific neuronal cell types and genes may be involved in intelligence and provide new hypotheses for neuroscience experiments using model systems.
- Downloaded 1,048 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 21,394
- In genomics: 2,077
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 103,273
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 108,973
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!