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Advanced whole genome sequencing and analysis of fetal genomes from amniotic fluid

By Qing Mao, Robert Chin, Weiwei Xie, Yuqing Deng, Huixin Xu, Rebecca Yu Zhang, Quan Shi, Erin E. Peters, Natali Gulbahce, Zhenyu Li, Fang Chen, Radoje Drmanac, Brock A. Peters

Posted 08 Aug 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/173807 (published DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2017.281220)

Amniocentesis is typically performed to identify large chromosomal abnormalities within the fetus. Here we demonstrate that it is feasible to generate an accurate whole genome sequence (WGS) of a fetus from an amniotic sample. DNA from cells and the amniotic fluid were isolated and sequenced from 31 amniocenteses. Concordance of variant calls between the two DNA sources and with parental libraries was high. Two fetal genomes were found to harbor potentially detrimental variants in CHD8 and LRP1, variations in these genes have been associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Keratosis pilaris atrophicans, respectively. We also discovered drug sensitivities and carrier information of fetuses for a variety of diseases. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time the sequencing of the whole genome of fetuses from amniotic fluid and show that much more information than large chromosomal abnormalities can be gained from an amniocentesis.

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