Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 67,655 bioRxiv papers from 298,465 authors.
Spatial Genome Organization as a Framework for Somatic Alterations in Human Cancer
Kadir C. Akdemir,
Roel G. Verhaak,
P. Andrew Futreal,
on behalf of the PCAWG-Structural Variation Working Group
Posted 22 Aug 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/179176
Posted 22 Aug 2017
Genomic material within the nucleus is folded into successive layers in order to package and organize the long string of linear DNA. This hierarchical level of folding is closely associated with transcriptional regulation and DNA replication. Recent chromosome conformation studies have revealed that mammalian chromosomes are structured into tissue-invariant topologically associating domains (TADs) where the DNA within a given domain interacts more frequently together than with regions in other domains. Genes within the same TADs represent similar expression and histone-modification profiles. Therefore, regions separating different TADs (boundaries) have important roles in reinforcing the stability of these domain-wide features. Indeed, TAD boundary disruptions in human genetic disorders or human cancers lead to misregulation of certain genes, due to de novo enhancer exposure to promoters. Here, to understand effects and distributions of somatic structural variations across TADs, we utilized single nucleotide variations and genomic rearrangements from 2658 high-coverage whole genome sequencing data across various cancer types with paired normal samples. Our analysis revealed that deletions between repressed and active TADs result in up-regulation of genes on the repressed end of the deletions, whereas active domain genes remain unaffected. Interestingly, we further identified a strong correlation between the mutational distributions in human cancers and the spatial organization of the genome. Transcriptionally active TADs contain less mutation burden compared to inactive TADs, as a result regional mutation rates are drastically different around the boundaries delineating epigenetically distinct domains. However, mutation rates remain similar around the boundaries for samples with the DNA mismatch repair deficiency. Taken together, our analyses reveal new insights about genome architecture, aberrant gene expression and mutational distributions in human cancers.
- Downloaded 1,390 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 4,563 out of 67,655
- In genomics: 817 out of 4,581
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 29,758 out of 67,655
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 42,880 out of 67,655
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!