Dampened PI3K/AKT signaling contributes to cancer resistance of the naked mole rat
Posted 28 Feb 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.02.27.967729
Posted 28 Feb 2020
Mammalian species have a dramatically different susceptibility to cancer. However, how cancer-resistant species resist oncogenic transformation is not fully understood. Here, we performed a comprehensive analysis of oncogene-induced transcriptional changes in the fibroblasts of a cancer-prone species, the mouse, and three cancer-resistant species, the human, the blind mole rat, and the naked mole rat. We report that multiple cellular processes are more refractory to oncogene-induced transcriptional changes in blind mole-rat, naked mole-rat, or human cells compared to mouse cells, such as cell division, cell adhesion, extracellular matrix organization, and metabolism. Strikingly, naked mole rat cells are more resistant to Ras-induced transcriptional changes compared to the other three species. As a mechanism, we found that critical genes in the PI3K pathway including Akt1 and Pik3ca are downregulated in naked mole rat cells. Activating the PI3K/AKT pathway in the naked mole rat cells renders them susceptible to tumorigenic transformation. This study provides multiple new insights into anti-cancer mechanisms in cancer-resistant species of mammals.
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