Tracing the origin of a new organ by inferring the genetic basis of rumen evolution
Brian P. Dalrymple,
Posted 20 Feb 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.02.19.955872
Posted 20 Feb 2020
The rumen is the hallmark organ of ruminants and hosts a diverse ecosystem of microorganisms that facilitates efficient digestion of plant fibers. We used 897 transcriptomes from three Cetartiodactyla lineages: ruminants, camels and cetaceans, as well as data from ruminant comparative genomics and functional assays to explore the genetic basis of rumen origin and evolution. Comparative analyses reveal that the rumen and the first-chamber stomachs of camels and cetaceans shared a common tissue origin from the esophagus. The rumen recruited genes from other tissues/organs and up-regulated many esophagus genes to aquire functional innovations involving epithelium absorption, improvement of the ketone body metabolism and regulation of microbial community. These innovations involve such genetic changes as ruminant-specific conserved elements, newly evolved genes and positively selected genes. Our in vitro experiements validate the functions of one enhancer, one positively selected gene and two newly evolved antibacterial genes. Our study provides novel insights into the origin and evolution of a complex organ.
- Downloaded 637 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 44,311
- In evolutionary biology: 2,178
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 52,139
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 30,664
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!