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Generation of multi-transgenic pigs using PiggyBac transposons co-expressing pectinase, xylanase, cellulase?β-1.3-1.4-glucanase and phytase

By Haoqiang Wang, Guoling Li, Cuili Zhong, Jianxin Mo, Yue Sun, Junsong Shi, Rong Zhou, Zicong Li, Huaqiang Yang, Zhenfang Wu, Dewu Liu, Xianwei Zhang

Posted 17 Feb 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.02.17.952515

The current challenges facing the pork industry are to maximize feed efficiency and minimize fecal emissions. Unlike ruminants, pigs lack a number of digestive enzymes like pectinase, xylanase, cellulase?β-1.3-1.4-glucanase and phytase to hydrolyze the cell walls of grains to release endocellular nutrients into their digestive tracts. Herein, we synthesized multiple cellulase and pectinase genes derived from lower organisms and then codon optimized these genes to be expressed in pigs. These genes were then cloned into our previously optimized XynB (xylanase)- EsAPPA (phytase) bicistronic construct. We then successfully generated transgenic pigs that expressed four enzymes (Pg7fn (pectinase), XynB (xylanase), EsAPPA (phytase) and TeEGI (cellulase and β-glucanase)) using somatic cell cloning. Expression of these genes was parotid gland specific. Enzymatic assays using the saliva of these founders demonstrated high levels of phytase (2.0~3.4 U/mL) and xylanase (0.25~0.42 U/mL) activity, but low levels of pectinase (0.06~0.08 U/mL) activity. These multi-transgenic pigs are expected to contribute to enhance feed utilization and reduce environmental impact.

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