Selective Germline Genome Edited Pig Meninges Grafts for the Abdominal Wall Closure in Damage Control Surgery
Posted 13 Feb 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.02.12.946178
Posted 13 Feb 2020
Reconstruction of abdominal wall defects is still a big challenge in surgery, especially where there is insufficient fascia muscular or excessive tension of the defects in emergency and life-threatening scenarios. Indeed, the concept of damage control surgery has been advanced in the management of both traumatic and nontraumatic surgical settings. The strategy requires abridged surgery and quick back to intensive care units (ICU) for aggressive resuscitation. In the damage control laparotomy, patients are left with open abdomen or provisional closure of the abdomen with a planned return to the operating room for definitive surgery. So far, various techniques have been utilized to achieve early temporary abdominal closure, but there is no clear consensus on the ideal method or material for abdominal wall reconstruction. We recently successfully created the selective germline genome-edited pig (SGGEP) and here we aimed to explore the feasibility of in vivo reconstruction of the abdominal wall in a rabbit model with SGGEP meninges grafts (SGGEP-MGs). Our result showed that the SGGEP-MGs could restore the integrity of the defect very well. After 7 weeks of engraftment, there was no sign of herniation observed, the grafts were re-vascularized, and the defects were well repaired. Histologically, the boundary between the graft and the host was very well integrated and there was no strong inflammatory response. Therefore, this kind of closure could help restore the fluid and electrolyte balance and to dampen systemic inflammatory response in damge control surgery while ADM graft failed to establish re-vascularization as the same as the SGGEP-MG. It is concluded that the meninges of SGGEP could serve as a high-quality alternative for restoring the integrity of the abdominal wall, especially for damage control surgery.
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