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Single Molecule Sequencing of Cell-free DNA from Maternal Plasma for Noninvasive Trisomy Detection

By Minyue Dong, Liwei Deng, Huan Jin, Jinsen Cai, Huan Shang, Shuo Zhang, Yueping Zhang, Jinzhou Qin, Dikai Zhang, Feng Long, Renli Zhang, Runsheng Chen, Michael W. Deem, Jun Yu, Jiankui He

Posted 27 Oct 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/209924

The demand of non-invasive prenatal testing for autosomal aneuploidy using cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal plasma is a highly sought-after diagnostic, with a rapidly growing market. Current approaches developed by next generation sequencing (NGS) need PCR amplifcation during sample preparation, which results in amplification bias in GC-rich areas of the human genome. With these approaches, the minimum fetal fraction in maternal plasma is 4% for the small differences in circulating cfDNA between trisomic and disomic pregnancies to be detectable. In this paper, we performed single molecule sequencing of cell-free DNA from maternal plasma for noninvasive trisomy 13, 18 and 21 detections using the GenoCare platform. We found that single molecule sequencing is sensitive enough to detect these chromosome abnormalities when the fetal DNA fraction is as low as 2%. Compared to the Hiseq2500 platform, no significant GC bias was observed. The improved sensitivity and unbiased GC readout make GenoCare a promising platform for autosomal aneuploidy detections, even in the very early stage of pregnancy.

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