Assessing the in vitro resistance development in Enterovirus 71 in the context of combination antiviral treatment
There are currently no antivirals available to treat infection with enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) or any other enterovirus. The extensively studied capsid binders select rapidly for drug-resistant variants. We here explore whether the combination of two direct-acting enterovirus inhibitors with a different mechanism of action may delay or prevent resistance development to the capsid binders. To that end, the in vitro dynamics of resistance development to the capsid binder pirodavir was studied either alone or in combination with (i) a viral 2C-targeting compound (SMSK_0213), (ii) a viral 3C-protease inhibitor (rupintrivir) or (iii) a viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) inhibitor [7-deaza-2C-methyladenosine (7DMA)]. We demonstrate that combining pirodavir with either rupintrivir or the nucleoside analogue 7DMA delays the development of resistance to pirodavir and that no resistance to the protease or polymerase inhibitor develops. The combination of pirodavir with the 2C inhibitor results in a double-resistant virus population. The deep sequencing analysis of resistant populations revealed that even though resistant mutations are present in less than 30% of the population, this still provides the resistant phenotype.
- Downloaded 177 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 96,048 out of 119,012
- In microbiology: 7,166 out of 9,401
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 49,526 out of 119,012
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 58,074 out of 119,012
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!