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Retrograde induction of phyB orchestrates ethylene-auxin hierarchy to regulate growth

By Jishan Jiang, Yanmei Xiao, Wei Hu, Hao Chen, Liping Zeng, Haiyan Ke, Franck A. Ditengou, Upendra Devisetty, Klaus Palme, Julin Maloof, Katayoon Dehesh

Posted 02 Feb 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.01.31.929133 (published DOI: 10.1104/pp.20.00090)

Exquisitely regulated plastid-to-nucleus communication by retrograde signaling pathways is essential for fine-tuning of responses to the prevailing environmental conditions. The plastidial retrograde signaling metabolite methylerythritol cyclodiphosphate (MEcPP) has emerged as a stress signal transduced into a diverse ensemble of response outputs. Here we demonstrate enhanced phytochrome B protein abundance in red-light grown MEcPP-accumulating mutant (ceh1) plant relative to wild-type seedlings. We further establish MEcPP-mediated coordination of phytochrome B with auxin and ethylene signaling pathways, and uncover differential hypocotyl growth of red-light grown seedlings in response to these phytohormones. Genetic and pharmacological interference with ethylene and auxin pathways outline the hierarchy of responses, placing auxin epistatic to the ethylene signaling pathway. Collectively, our finding establishes the key role of a plastidial retrograde metabolite in orchestrating the transduction of a repertoire of signaling cascades, and positions plastids at the zenith of relaying information coordinating external signals and internal regulatory circuitry to secure organismal integrity.

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