Effects of rhein on bile acid homeostasis in rats
Posted 30 Jan 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.01.29.925297 (published DOI: 10.1155/2020/8827955)
Posted 30 Jan 2020
Rhein, the active ingredient of rhubarb, a medicinal and edible plant, is widely used in clinical practice. In this work, we investigated the alterations of 14 bile acids and hepatic transporters after rats were administered rhein for 5 consecutive weeks. There was no obvious injury to the liver and kidney, and there were no significant changes in biochemical indicators. However, 1,000 mg/kg rhein increased the liver total bile acid (TBA) levels, especially taurine-conjugated bile acids (t-CBAs), inhibited the expression of Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and (bile salt export pump) BSEP mRNA, and upregulated the expression of (cholesterol 7-hydroxylase) CYP7A1 mRNA. Rhein close to the clinical dose reduced the amounts of TBAs, especially unconjugated bile acids (UCBAs), and elevated the expression of FXR and multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 (Mrp3) mRNA. These results denote that rhein is not toxic and is safe to use at a reasonable dose and timing.
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