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Definition of the fibroblast adhesome using multiplexed proximity biotinylation

By Megan R. Chastney, Craig Lawless, Jonathan D. Humphries, Stacey Warwood, Matthew C. Jones, David Knight, Claus Jorgensen, Martin Humphries

Posted 25 Jan 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.01.24.918458 (published DOI: 10.1083/jcb.202003038)

Integrin adhesion complexes (IACs) bridge the extracellular matrix to the actin cytoskeleton and transduce signals in response to both chemical and mechanical cues. The composition, interactions, stoichiometry and topological organisation of proteins within IACs are not fully understood. To address this gap, we used multiplexed proximity biotinylation (BioID) to generate an in situ, proximity-dependent adhesome in mouse pancreatic fibroblasts. Integration of the interactomes of 16 IAC-associated baits revealed a network of 147 proteins with 361 proximity interactions. Candidates with underappreciated roles in adhesion were identified, in addition to established IAC components. Bioinformatic analysis revealed five clusters of IAC baits that link to common groups of prey, and which therefore may represent functional modules. The five clusters, and their spatial associations, are consistent with current models of IAC interaction networks and stratification. This study provides a resource to examine proximal relationships within IACs at a global level.

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