Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 67,351 bioRxiv papers from 296,699 authors.
Assembly and validation of conserved long non-coding RNAs in the ruminant transcriptome
mRNA-like long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) are a significant component of mammalian transcriptomes, although most are expressed only at low levels, with high tissue-specificity and/or at specific developmental stages. In many cases, therefore, lncRNA detection by RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) is compromised by stochastic sampling. To account for this and create a catalogue of ruminant lncRNA, we compared de novo assembled lncRNA derived from large RNA-seq datasets in transcriptional atlas projects for sheep and goats with previous lncRNA assembled in cattle and human. Few lncRNA could be reproducibly assembled from a single dataset, even with deep sequencing of the same tissues from multiple animals. Furthermore, there was little sequence overlap between lncRNA assembled from pooled RNA-seq data. We combined positional conservation (synteny) with cross-species mapping of candidate lncRNA to identify a consensus set of ruminant lncRNA and then used the RNA-seq data to demonstrate detectable and reproducible expression in each species. The majority of lncRNA were encoded by single exons, and expressed at < 1 TPM. In sheep, 20-30% of lncRNA had expression profiles significantly correlated with neighbouring protein-coding genes, suggesting association with enhancers. Alongside substantially expanding the ruminant lncRNA repertoire, the outcomes of our analysis demonstrate that stochastic sampling can be partly overcome by combining RNA-seq datasets from related species. This has practical implications for the future discovery of lncRNA in other species.
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