A comparative 'omics approach to candidate pathogenicity factor discovery in the brain-eating amoeba Naegleria fowleri
Emily K. Herman,
Mark van der Giezen,
Michael L. Ginger,
Haylea C Miller,
Matthew J Morgan,
Anastasios D. Tsaousis,
Sebastian Rodrigo Najle,
Denise C Zysset-Burri,
Geoffrey J. Puzon,
Joel B Dacks
Posted 16 Jan 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.01.16.908186
Posted 16 Jan 2020
Of the 40 described Naegleria species, only N. fowleri can establish infection in humans, killing almost invariably within two weeks. In the brain, the amoeba performs piece-meal ingestion, or trogocytosis, of brain material causing massive inflammation. Conversely, its close relative Naegleria gruberi, which is used as a laboratory model organism, is non-pathogenic. The exact pathogenicity factors distinguishing N. fowleri from its harmless relatives are unclear. We have here taken an -omics approach to understanding N. fowleri biology and infection at the system level. We provide the first analysis of genomic diversity between strains, finding little conservation in synteny but high conservation in protein complement. We also demonstrate that the N. fowleri genome encodes a similarly complete cellular repertoire to that found in N. gruberi. Our comparative genomic analysis, together with a transcriptomic analysis of low versus high pathogenicity N. fowleri cultured in a mouse infection model, allowed us to construct a model of cellular systems involved in pathogenicity and furthermore provides ~500 novel candidate pathogenicity factors in this currently rare but highly fatal pathogen.
- Downloaded 601 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 42,532
- In microbiology: 2,613
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 25,131
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 28,468
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!