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A Connectivity-based Psychometric Prediction Framework for Brain-behavior Relationship Studies

By Jianxiao Wu, Simon B. Eickhoff, Felix Hoffstaedter, Kaustubh R. Patil, Holger Schwender, B. T.T. Yeo, Sarah Genon

Posted 15 Jan 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.01.15.907642

The recent availability of population-based studies with neuroimaging and behavioral measurements opens promising perspectives to investigate the relationships between interindividual variability in brain regions' connectivity and behavioral phenotypes. However, the multivariate nature of connectivity-based prediction model severely limits the insight into brain-behavior patterns for neuroscience. To address this issue, we propose a connectivity-based psychometric prediction framework based on individual regions' connectivity profiles. We first illustrate two main applications: 1) single brain region's predictive power for a range of psychometric variables, and 2) single psychometric variable's predictive power variation across brain region. We compare the patterns of brain-behavior provided by these approaches to the brain-behavior relationships from activation approaches. Then, capitalizing on the increased transparency of our approach, we demonstrate how the influence of various data processing and analyses can directly influence the patterns of brain-behavior relationships, as well as the unique insight into brain-behavior relationships offered by this approach.

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