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The landscape of somatic mutation in sporadic Chinese colorectal cancer

By Zhe Liu, Chao Yang, Xiangchun Li, Wen Luo, Bhaskar Roy, Teng Xiong, Xiuqing Zhang, Huanming Yang, Jian Wang, Zhenhao Ye, Yang Chen, Jinghe Song, Shuai Ma, Yong Zhou, Min Yang, Xiaodong Fang, Jie Du

Posted 10 Jul 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/155671 (published DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.25287)

Colorectal cancer is the fifth prevalent cancer in China. Nevertheless, a large-scale characterization of Chinese colorectal cancer mutation spectrum has not been carried out. In this study, we have performed whole exome-sequencing analysis of 98 patients' tumor samples with matched pairs of normal colon tissues using Illumina and Complete Genomics high-throughput sequencing platforms. Canonical CRC somatic gene mutations with high prevalence (>10%) have been verified, including TP53, APC, KRAS, SMAD4, FBXW7 and PIK3CA. PEG3 is identified as a novel frequently mutated gene (10.6%). APC and Wnt signaling exhibit significantly lower mutation frequencies than those in TCGA data. Analysis with clinical characteristics indicates that APC gene and Wnt signaling display lower mutation rate in lymph node positive cancer than negative ones, which are not observed in TCGA data. APC gene and Wnt signaling are considered as the key molecule and pathway for colorectal cancer initiation, and these findings greatly undermine their importance in tumor progression for Chinese patients. Taken together, the application of next-generation sequencing has led to the determination of novel somatic mutations and alternative disease mechanisms in colorectal cancer progression, which may be useful for understanding disease mechanism and personalizing treatment for Chinese patients.

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